During the Second World War citizens in the occupied countries of Europe were not free to move about without identification cards and travel permits. Nazi patrols stopped, and searched citizens without warning or reason. Controls on travel and the frequent patrols made it extremely dangerous to move allied evaders from place to place because there was always a possibility that they would be stopped. If arrested, an evader was interrogated, sometimes tortured and sent to a POW camp. The guide /helper, however, was interrogated, often tortured, imprisoned in a concentration camp, or executed and her or his family and friends were at great risk.
The citizens in the communities along the closed border between Belgium and France joined the Secret army or other Resistance Groups to fight the Nazi occupation. These resistance groups played an important role in the successful movement of evaders across the border between Rumes, Belgium and Bachy, France. More than 70 years later the region honors and preserves the history of these heroic acts.
On 9 May 2015, “Dans les pas de Monique” (“In Monique’s Footsteps”) part of the French-Belgium Hiking Circuit was inaugurated. (For links to speeches on the occasion of the inauguration of the walk, see below.) The 10.3 km walk follows one of the routes used by the Comète guide Henriette “Monique” Hanotte to bring evaders from Belgium into France. The trail crosses the border from one country to another, passing by farms, fields, religious shrines, the French and British Bunkers on the Maginot Line and other points of historical interest.
Memorial to be Dedicated to all Comète Guides
Recently the community of Bachy, France began a campaign to raise money to erect a memorial dedicated to all of the guides in the Comète Escape Line, the evading airmen, and members of the local resistance groups. A statue, “Le Passage de la Frontière” was erected on the Place de la Liberté in Bachy. A preliminary view of what the statue was to look like appears below. First there is the drawing by the artist Jacques Van Butsèle. That is followed by two photos of the sculpture under way. The sculptor is Eric Dupon (second photo). The woman figure is the Comète guide, “Monique” (Henriette Hanotte), who, in her mid-90’s, continues to tell her story of resistance so that the heroic acts of her family, friends, and other Comète Line members are not forgotten. She grew up in Rumes, Belgium and attended school in Bachy, France. From 1940 until 1944, “Monique”, risking her own life, guided 145 Allied airmen: 50 from Rumes into France at Bachy, 45 from Hertain, Belgium, and another 50 from Mons, Belgium on to Paris and sometimes Bordeaux, France. She moved the evaders on crowded local buses, trains controlled by the enemy, on bicycles and on foot.
The second figure in the statue, representing the evaders who passed through region, is an American bombardier, Charles Carlson. In mid-January 1944, “Monique” brought him to Rumes. They traveled by train from Renaix to Tournai, Belgium. Arriving late at night, long after curfew, they managed to avoid Nazi night patrols as they rode bicycles from Tournai to Rumes, a distance of 8 km (about 5 miles). When it was decided that his injuries would prevent him from crossing the Pyrenees, he and another evader, Charles Elwell, a radio operator, spent three or four months in the area hidden and protected by the brave citizens of Bachy and Rumes.
Drawing by Artist Jacques Van Butsèle of Charles Carlson and Henriette Hanotte
Preliminary View of the Sculpture, “Le Passage de la Frontière”
The two photos below, taken in April 2017, give a rough idea of how the statue was progressing.
Views of the Completed Statue (attachment to the base was forthcoming)
As part of the ceremonies, a commemorative historical booklet was prepared about Henriette Hanotte and appears below. Our thanks to Bernard Leclercq and Regis Doucy for permission to reproduce it on this website.
Henriette Hanotte, nom de guerre “Monique”, A guide to the “COMÈTE escape line 1942-1944
For further information on the Comet Line, see https://wwii-netherlands-escape-lines.com/other-escape-lines/comet-line-le-reseau-comete/. For books on the Comet Line, see https://airforceescape.org/book-list/.
Inauguration of the “Walk: In Monique’s Footsteps”
The following speeches were given on the occasion of the inauguration of the walk:
- Speech by Regis Doucy , First Deputy Mayor of Bachy.
- Speech by Philippe Delcourt, Mayor of Bachy
- Speech by Michel Casterman, Mayor of Rumes
- Speech by Brigitte d Oultremont, President of Comet Line Remembrance
Links to websites about the towns of Bachy and Rumes
- Town of Bachy: http://www.map-france.com/Bachy-59830/.
- Town of Rumes: https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rumes.
Link to website about walks
- VAB Magazine (scroll down to item 2, Hainaut, “In the Footsteps of Monique”): https://magazine.vab.be/reizen/mooiste-wandelroute-2019/?utm_source=Mailchimp&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Club-mooistewandeling-201907.
Book About Charles Carlson on This Website
- “The Road Home” by Anne Jacobson Robertson
Decorations of Members of the Resistance
Decoration of Odile de Vasselot, Jan. 28, 2022
French Citation of Odile de Vasselot de Regne
English Translation by Google of the French Citation of Odile de Vasselot de Regne
Order of Liberation
By decree of November 8, 2021, the President of the Republic
promoted Second Lieutenant Odile de Vasselot de Regne to the rank of Commander in the National Order of the Legion of Honor. Odile de Vasselot wished that the General of Vision (2S) Christian Baptiste, national delegate of the Order of the Liberation would give her this insignia.
The ceremony took place on Friday, January 28, 2022 at the Order of the Liberation in the presence of the recipient’s family. The national delegate, during his speech, recalled in particular the resistant course of Odile de Vasselot de Regne who celebrated her centenary on January 6th. Odile de Vasselot will do us the honor of testifying during the next cultural evening at the museum, on February 17.