Smit-van der Heijden Line

The escape line of Karst Smit, marechausse (member of the Dutch Royal Military Police) and Eugene van der Heijden (a school teacher) operated from early 1942 until it was penetrated by the Germans on 15 November 1943.  It first aided escaped French prisoners of war who were trying to make their way home.  Next came Dutch Jews, Engelandvaarders (Dutch patriots trying to reach England to join the RAF or find other ways to continue the war against the Germans), onderduikers (young Dutch men who went into hiding to avoid the German labor draft), and Allied airmen.

To view a list of Allied airmen helped by the Smit-van der Heijden Line (including photos of many of them), click here.  The following are links to the main topics about the line.